Europe’s climate moment of truth Simone Tagliapietra writes that with Fit for 55 Europe is the global first mover in turning a long-term net-zero goal into real-world policies, marking the entry of climate policy into the daily life of all businesses

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Workers can unlock the AI revolution Mia Hoffmann and Laura Nurski argue that employers and AI developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable in day-to-day work The Dutch elections and ‘populism’ Fleur de Beaufort and Patrick van Schie interpret the results of the Dutch elections, and consider the growth in the support for the alternative 'populist' parties
Quo vadis, Swiss-European Union relations? Switzerland’s decision to abandon InstA talks with the EU will have widespread consequences. Stefanie Walter says future relations now depend both on the EU’s response and on domestic developments AI in the workplace Laura Nurski says that job quality measures should be included explicitly in health and safety risk assessments for workplace artificial-intelligence systems
Pricing of carbon within and at the border of Europe The EU has announced carbon neutrality by 2050 as the key target of the Green Deal. Schmidt et al. argue that the EU should consider a border carbon adjustment mechanism to incentivise other countries to join The Janus’ face of Europe’s new social rulebook The COVID pandemic has had a huge effect on employment prospects in the EU. László Andor and Robin Huguenot-Noël discuss the Social Pillar Action Plan’s long-term targets
Vaccine diplomacy: soft power lessons from China and Russia? Michael Leigh discusses the rocky start to the EU’s vaccination rollout that has allowed Moscow and Beijing to score political points in the Balkans and Central and Eastern Europe Is the EU’s investment agreement with China underrated? Uri Dadush and André Sapir argue that the CAI binds China to an international treaty that includes improvements on subsidies, SOEs, technology transfer and transparency
Navigating through hydrogen Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann argue that policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen to meet the 2050 emissions target Much ado about nothing? Fraser Cameron considers the political and economic context of the EU-China investment deal What the British government needs to do to get Brexit done post-COVID Patrick Minford considers the options available to the UK government to ensure a successful Brexit The end of the beginning Democratic Europe has come under pressure. Benjamin Zeeb considers the lessons that Europe can learn from the American experience to ensure a peaceful completion of the European project
Will 2021 in CEECs look better than 2020? Mehmet Burak Turgut is optimistic about CEE growth in 2021 following the successful development of COVID vaccines Regulating big tech The EU’s proposed Digital Markets Act will attempt to control online gatekeepers by subjecting them to a wider range of upfront constraints. Julia Anderson and Mario Mariniello consider the implications The geopolitics of the European Green Deal Mark Leonard, Jean Pisani-Ferry, Jeremy Shapiro, Simone Tagliapietra and Guntram Wolff consider the geopolitical consequences of the European Green Deal Why the Google-Fitbit decision is appropriate Pierre Régibeau believes that the discussion should now move from the realm of speculation to the sphere of evidence Working from home is revolutionising the UK labour market Shivani Taneja, Paul Mizen and Nicholas Bloom discuss a recent survey, and it seems certain that many workers will continue to work from home long after the end of the pandemic What do vaccination passports mean for Europe? Fundamental freedoms should not be limited unnecessarily, say Lionel Jeanrenaud, Mario Mariniello and Guntram Wolff. Nevertheless, vaccination passports have to be considered The double irony of the new UK-EU trade relationship The TCA signed between the EU and the UK goes against UK efforts to avoid being economically disadvantaged. Tracking the evolution of the relationship can help in understanding this, André Sapir argues The Digital Markets Act: a translation Cristina Caffarra and Fiona Scott Morton argue that the European Commission's proposal is progress, but there are issues that need to be addressed Has the EU squandered its coronavirus vaccination opportunity? The EU’s purchases of frontrunner coronavirus vaccines are insufficient. J Scott Marcus says the shortfall could have healthcare consequences and might delay economic reopening

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Digital platforms and antitrust A proper regulatory framework is needed to relieve concerns about online platform competitive practices, argue Geoffrey Parker, Georgios Petropoulos and Marshall Van Alstyne They don’t need to be green The EU needs a liquid market in bonds to fund the recovery programme. Alexander Lehmann argues green bonds would complicate matters
To thrive in the post-COVID world, Europe needs a Plan B Benjamin Zeeb considers the EU's COVID-19 rescue package and argues that government by consensus rather than majority is not the right method in times of crisis Freedom during the COVID-19 crisis Fleur de Beaufort and Patrick van Schie consider the measures taken to combat the pandemic and how state intervention can be reigned back Building the world we want to live in Ursula von der Leyen presents her vision for a Europe that emerges stronger from the pandemic and leads the way towards a new vitality in a world of fragility New challenges to transfers of personal data Scott Marcus considers the recent CJEU judgement and the impact on data transfers between the European Union and the United States Deeper recession, wider divergences Maarten Verwey and Björn Döhring consider the Commission’s Summer 2020 interim forecast, and argue that a rapid response at the EU level is needed to minimise hysteresis A recovery plan for Europe Maarten Verwey, Sven Langedijk and Robert Kuenzel provide a brief overview of the economic rationale for collective action and an assessment of the expected impact of the recovery plan proposed by the Commission Europe’s China problem The European Commission’s White Paper addresses investment screening and state aid, protecting the EU from subsidised foreign acquisitions, Marta Domínguez-Jiménez and Niclas Poitiers discuss An uncompromising budget The EU response to the COVID-19 crisis has so far been weak. Zsolt Darvas considers the Next Generation EU proposal, and feels that an opportunity has been missed to reform the EU budget Europe's moment The coronavirus has shaken Europe and the world to its core. Ursula von der Leyen presents a recovery plan to repair and prepare for the next generation A small step forward Grégory Claeys argues that the EU's SURE plan to safeguard employment is too modest to have a significant impact the COVID-19 crisis Rebooting Europe European governments have adopted stringent measures to slow the spread of COVID-19. Julia Anderson, Simone Tagliapietra, and Guntram Wolff present a framework for a post COVID-19 economic recovery The EU’s financial readjustment Rebecca Christie and Thomas Wieser consider the EU post-Brexit reckoning with financial markets, and argue that time is of the essence to create highly integrated, functional and fair financial and capital markets The path to integration This crisis is our generation’s Schuman moment, says Christine Lagarde. We have been passed the baton of European integration. And we are being asked to act by strengthening Europe Towards a European Reconstruction Fund How should Europe respond to the economic crisis? Luis Garicano argues that the Commission issue consolidated annuities to finance a €1 trillion economic reconstruction package An opportunity for change The European Commission has been asked for a recovery fund proposal. Massimo Motta and Martin Peitz see a unique opportunity to develop a truly European programme that helps restructure the EU economy Racing against COVID-19 A long-term solution to COVID-19 includes vaccine development. Reinhilde Veugelers and Georg Zachmann propose a vaccines strategy for Europe to meet the challenge of future pandemics EU state aid policies in the time of COVID-19 Massimo Motta and Martin Peitz suggest imposing strict conditions on the state aid that is needed to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic A green recovery Dirk Schoenmaker argues that governments can attach green conditions to aid to mitigate the COVID-19 crisis and accelerate the green economy The ESM can finance the COVID fight now EU member states are debating how to finance the fight against COVID-19. Aitor Erce, Antonio Garcia Pascual and Ramon Marimon argue that using the ESM to provide the funds needed is a workable way forward Big data versus COVID-19 All available resources need to be brought to bear on COVID-19. J Scott Marcus asks to what extent can digital technology help, what risks are there in using big data, and what policies can mitigate any limitations that these risks impose? A European carbon border tax: much pain, little gain Georg Zachman and Ben McWilliams argue that the EC should not make the implementation of a carbon border adjustment mechanism into a must-have element of its climate policy Next steps in connecting Europe and Asia The EU has set out an ambitious connectivity strategy with Asia. Antti Tulonen argues the priority must be to build on the existing partnership with Japan and seek other like-minded countries in Asia Poverty reduction in the European Union Europe 2020 includes a poverty reduction target. Zsolt Darvas argues these efforts should not aim at the wrong target indicator The ambitions reshaping the business environment Christine Lagarde describes how the goals of European autonomy and addressing climate risk will shape the business environment in Europe, reiterating the need to work together Do AI markets create competition policy concerns? AI markets are young and their structure is yet to crystallise. Julia Anderson asks is European competition law ready for what happens next? A trillion reasons to scrutinise the Green Deal Investment Plan The European Commission has revealed its €1 trillion investment plan for the European Green Deal. Grégory Claeys and Simone Tagliapietra argue that more must be done to unleash the ‘green investment wave’ A Green Deal will not work without refocusing productivity Karl Aiginger argues that a welfare-oriented Green Deal needs to focus on resource and energy productivity, not raising labour productivity A new EU level playing field instrument EU competition policy appears to be ill-equipped to deal with the challenges raised by Chinese state capitalism. Thorsten Kaeseberg discusses some of the gaps in the EU’s economic toolbox, and identifies potential goals and design Developing a coherent EU competition policy Mathew Heim asks how can European competition law address market distortions caused by state-owned enterprises? The European Green Deal needs a reformed fiscal framework Europe needs to change behaviour and technologies. Grégory Claeys argues that to do so the EU needs to adapt its fiscal rules to encourage the transition
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